Bad breath is a sign that your mouths oral microbiome is off balance. Many people think the best way to combat bad breath and improve oral hygiene is through using strong, sanitizing mouthwashes. Your mouth is actually a fine balance of microbes working together with your gut microbes and immune system to keep you healthy. Imagine your mouth as a pleasant little coral reef with different corals, anemones, and other critters.
These make up an ecosystem and each critter needs the other creatures to live and thrive. Even a little competition among species is fine because it keeps everything in balance.
Your mouth is much more than that. Your mouth contains about to 1, different types of bacteria, enzymes that aid in digestion, proteins which provide nutrients for the helpful bacteria, and more. To keep your mouth healthy, which keeps your body healthy, you need to think of your mouth as a living thing. The oral and gut microbiome require a delicate balancing act of the right bacteria to ensure your immune system stays strong and you stay healthy.
The health of your mouth reflects the health of the rest of your body. These anaerobic bacteria like to burrow into your gums, which breaks down tissue and causes your gums to bleed. Anaerobic bacteria need iron to thrive and fortunately for them, blood contains a lot of iron. This becomes a vicious cycle and can eventually lead to tooth loss. Preventing bad bacteria from overgrowing while supporting the helpful bacteria, is how you maintain a healthy oral microbiome and prevent bad breath.
These are the most common AND most harmful ingredients in mouthwashes. How have we gone so far off track creating helpful mouthwash? In order to improve you overall microbiome health, you should consider any mouthwash containing any of these ingredients. There are ways to work on improving your microbiome health instead. Probiotics are a great way to give your gut and oral microbiome a boost and strengthen beneficial bacteria.
And balancing your microbiome helps with bad breath. Research shows probiotics help your mouth in several ways, including:. Only once you address your oral and gut health in its entirety can you permanently rid yourself of chronic bad breath and improve your dental health completely. Instead of mouthwash, I recommend correcting your diet and imbalances. However, if you want to continue using a mouthwash, I recommend one of the following:. If you struggle with persistent bad breath, you should make an appointment with your dentist.
Also, check out my article on the 14 ways to naturally freshen your breath. For more information on Dr. Take the journey and the day delicious food program for life-changing oral and whole health.
Steven Lin is a dentist who focusses on the mouth-body connection. Through ancestral nutrition, the oral and gut microbiome, and epigenetics, his programs aim to prevent chronic dental and systemic disease. His book 'The Dental Diet', will be released on January 18'. To receive free updates on functional oral health from Dr.
Lin, subscribe to his newsletter below. Thanks for your excellent observations and advice.
I love the meaning of the article. However, I unbiasedly want to point out there are are a lot of errors that make it somewhat confusing and almost informal to the reader.I dipped my daughters thermometer into a bottle of hydrogen peroxide to kill the flu germs so I could use it when I felt hot as well.
I should have tipped some of the HP out instead of just dipping in the thermometer to sterilise. I know this question might be absolutely ludicrous! I do things like that with rubbing alcohol.
Influenza can survive outside the body on hard surfaces for up to 24 hours. For her next case of strep throat, here is a very very exciting abstract of a study on the antibacterial properties of hydrogen peroxide.
Yeah good advice, silly as I do have rubbing alcohol!
Will hydrogen peroxide kill all flu germs?
So should I throw out the HP or keep it — what would you do if you were as silly as me and dipped in your thermometer without thinking, instead of tipping some out! Doing that effectively contaminates the entire bottle, unless the contents really are an effective virucide — which I doubt in the first place. So I would not recommend the use of the contents of that bottle any more for medicinal or other internal purposes, but as far as laundry, general cleaning except wound cleaning and other uses it should be perfectly fine.
I would also shy away from recommending it for ear cleaning. Even though there are no mucous membranes that would be at direct risk of attack by a stray surviving flu virus since the risk is lessened by the dispersal of the small amount of virus likely to have been on the instrument into the larger quantity of liquid peroxidethere are indirect pathways between the ear, nasal passages and throat which could become susceptible to a virus entry through the ear canal. First, clean the tub with a non-bleach cleanser, to remove any dirt or soap scum.
I’m drinking hydrogen peroxide
Second, let the tub dry completely. Fourth, go away and do something fun. I do hope the moderators will let my response stand. Thanks everyone! This question is in the General Section. Responses must be helpful and on-topic.
To join, you must be at least 13 years old and agree to the terms and conditions. General Question. Will hydrogen peroxide kill all flu germs?As more information about the coronavirus pandemic develops, some of the information in this story may have changed since it was last updated.
Killing germs on household surfaces is nothing new. You're probably already doing it when you routinely clean the bathroom and after you handle raw meat or chicken in the kitchen. But with this current outbreak of the Novel Coronavirus COVIDkeeping all frequently-touched household surfaces, like faucet handles, phonesand remote controls, germ-free is more top-of-mind than ever.
It's important to know that not all cleaning products that claim to disinfect are equally effective on all types of germs.
There are many types of bacteria and viruses and not every product kills them all. Below, we list which products specifically work on the coronavirus, how to properly use them for maximum effectiveness — and which to avoid. The U. Environmental Protection Agency EPA has compiled a list of products that while not specifically tested on the brand-new version of the virus that causes COVID just yet, have been proven effective on similar or harder-to-kill viruses, such as the rhinovirus that causes the common cold; they expect them to work on the coronavirus, too.
These products use a variety of different ingredients and formulations, so be sure to use them exactly as the label directs. These products include:. Before using any sanitizing or disinfecting product, start by reading the label to make sure it is registered with the EPA and to see what strains of bacteria and viruses it kills. The EPA registration number can usually be found in small type on the bottom of the front or back label, and the bacteria and viruses the product is effective against are also usually listed.
EPA registration is required by law for any cleaner that claims to kill germs. It's what we rely on in the Good Housekeeping Cleaning Lab when we evaluate sanitizing and disinfecting products and it assures you that if you follow the directions, the product will work as claimed. According the the U. For small batches, use 4 teaspoons of regular chlorine bleach and 1 quart of water. To use: Wearing gloves, dip a cloth into the mixture, wipe the surface, allowing the solution to contact the surface for five minutes and air dry.
Rinse all surfaces, including food contact surfaces, like countertops and high chair trays, with warm water and air dry after disinfecting. Be careful not to splash the bleach solution on your clothes or in your eyes and use it sparingly on stainless steel sinks and surfaces.
It's also important to note that the bleach and water solution needs to be made fresh each day you use it. According to the CDC, hydrogen peroxide is a stable and effective disinfectant against a wide variety of microorganisms, including bacteria and viruses, when used on hard, non-porous surfaces. It's best to keep it away from fabrics when cleaning and to wear gloves to protect your hands. To use : Spray or wipe it on the surface, allowing it to remain wet for at least one minute before wiping.
To use: Wipe or spray the surface with the alcohol and make sure it remains wet for at least 30 seconds. According to the CDC and NSF a public health and safety organizationvinegar or vinegar-based alternative cleaning products should not be used to disinfect or sanitize.
Vinegar-containing cleaning products can be a good in some instances, but vinegar is not registered with the EPA as a disinfectant and is ineffective against most bacteria and viruses — it does not kill the flu or coronavirus. Undiluted white vinegar may work on some limited types of bacteria, but it's not the best way to get surfaces germ-free.
Besides, coronavirus is a virus, not a bacteria. Product Reviews. Type keyword s to search. What kills coronavirus?
The Right Way to Kill Coronavirus Germs, According to Cleaning Experts
Related Story.This coronavirus seems to spread most commonly from person to person via respiratory droplets, according to the U. Transmission of the virus from contaminated surfaces has not yet been documented, the CDC notes, but current evidence does suggest the virus can remain viable "for hours to days on surfaces made from a variety of materials.
To disinfect surfaces, the CDC recommends a household bleach or alcohol solution see below for detailsand points to a list of disinfectant products registered by the U. Bleach is a relatively cheap and highly effective disinfectant. It kills some of the most dangerous bacteria, including staphylococcus, streptococcus, E. It should also work on the novel coronavirus, according to the CDC, which notes that "unexpired household bleach will be effective against coronaviruses when properly diluted.
While bleach can be an important disinfectant in some situations, though, it's also a potential hazard to human health, capable of not only irritating sensitive tissue in the eyes, skin, mouth and throat, but also contributing to long-term respiratory problems like asthma. Bleach can also be hazardous to pets, wildlife and ecological health. There are some safer alternatives in disinfecting wipes and cleaning sprays, although these eco-friendly choices may not be as effective in killing bacteria and viruses.
Also note that both bleach and bleach alternatives are intended to disinfect surfaces, and should not be used on the skin, and that bleach should never be combined with ammonia or ammonia-based cleaners.
Don't just run your hands quickly under the water. Regular soap and water clean germs away rather than killing them, but that's still a key step in reducing infection, the CDC points out. Washing your hands with soap and water is one of the main recommendations for limiting the spread of the novel coronavirus, since it seems to spread primarily from person to person via respiratory droplets, which are often found on our hands and easily transferred to our faces.
Store shelves are also filled with products that boast antimicrobial properties, including antibacterial soap. There is a common misconception, however, that antibacterial soap is effective in eradicating all germs. Although antibacterial soap may kill some bacteria, there is little evidence that it's more effective than regular soap, and it offers no additional protection from viruses.
In fact, many health experts advise against using antibacterial products, as many contain a potentially harmful ingredient called triclosanwhich some research suggests is an endocrine disrupter. Moreover, overuse of these products may contribute to antibiotic resistance and the rise of so-called superbugs. Although it may be a more environmentally friendly cleaning solution than many other products, ammonia is not registered as a disinfectant by the EPA.
Ammonia might kill salmonella and E. And remember never to mix ammonia with bleach. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers can work against many bacteria and some viruses. Alcohol has long been used as an antiseptic. Ethyl alcohol in particular is effective against a wide range of bacteria, and also some viruses, namely those known as "enveloped viruses.
Alcohol may not be helpful, however, against viruses that lack this envelope, such as norovirus. The U. Food and Drug Administration FDA has warned the makers of some hand sanitizers against claiming their products can prevent infections like the flu, citing inadequate evidence. If you buy hand sanitizer, avoid products that contain triclosan.When you dab hydrogen peroxide on a cut, that white, fizzling foam is actually a sign that that the solution is killing bacteria as well as healthy cells.
Hydrogen peroxide H2O2a compound made up of two hydrogen atoms and two oxygen atoms, begins to breaks apart as soon as it contacts blood, creating that stinging sizzle.
This is because blood and most living cells contain the enzyme catalase, which attacks hydrogen peroxide and converts it into water H2O and oxygen O2. Hydrogen peroxide has been used as an antiseptic since the s because it kills bacteria cells by destroying their cell walls. This process is called oxidation because the compound's oxygen atoms are incredibly reactive, and they attract, or steal, electrons.
With fewer electrons, bacteria cells' walls become damaged or even completely break apart. Unfortunately, hydrogen peroxide's oxidation also destroys healthy skin cells. This is why many physicians and dermatologists currently advise against using hydrogen peroxide to clean woundsas it has been found to slow the healing process and possibly worsen scarring by killing the healthy cells surrounding a cut.
Despite its negative effect on healthy cells, our bodies' cells naturally produce hydrogen peroxide when we metabolize food and turn it into energy.How to Disinfect to Kill Viruses and Germs
So how can a cell produce something that can destroy its own walls? That's where catalase steps in: when a cell creates hydrogen peroxide, it stores it inside the cell's specialized organelles, called peroxisomes, which contain hydrogen peroxide-busting catalase.
Inside of a peroxisome, hydrogen peroxide decomposes and is turned into harmless water and oxygen gas. Catalase is present in the cells of nearly all living organisms, so next time you want to amuse the kids with a fun science trick, pour some hydrogen peroxide on half of a raw potato and watch it fizzle.
Got a question? Send us an email and we'll crack it. Live Science. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Someone got a boo boo.Hydrogen peroxide is a reliable disinfectant that has the highest effect for up to thirty minutes, when applied in temperatures of about twenty degrees Celsius, according to the CDC. Overall, it can keep the treated surface-sterilized for over six hours, and it is advisable to reuse the product after twenty-one days.
The product is effective against a wide range of microorganisms, and it works through the production of destructive hydroxyl free radicals. This chemical compound has a shelf life of two years, with zero disposal restrictions, and can be used on many materials.
However, proper storage measures are required to ensure the product remains stable for long. Also, it is required to wear eye protection gear when using the product, as it is a serious irritant. Are you wondering how the hydrogen peroxide disinfection process works? When and how to use it? Let me help you to learn more about this disinfector.
The product has been in use for ages, although initial applications included treatment of cuts. However, researches now show that hydrogen peroxide kills healthy cells as well, and it is an eye and skin irritant.
The findings have reduced its usage in hospitals, although the product still finds application in several settings, including:. Many people are wondering if the product is effective against germs and bacteria. The section below has answers to these queries that should help you to understand whether you need to use this solution or not. The product is extremely helpful in eliminating germs, as it destroys germ cells.
It works on multiple microorganisms, meaning that a single product can be used to disinfect the whole household.
It can deactivate common respiratory viruses in about eight minutes. Besides that, it destroys germs on surfaces, and the effect remains active for long. But besides killing germs, does hydrogen peroxide sanitize? This chemical compound works the same way and can be used as a sanitizer at home. How can one disinfect or sanitize with hydrogen peroxide to eliminate germs?
After cleaning the surface, spray considerable amounts of the product on it and wait for a few minutes before wiping out the solution. This waiting time is enough to kill bacteria on the surface. Also, ensure you use protective wear during the process. It is important since the product is highly irritating when in contact with the skin. The best protective measure to take is to use gloves.FDA has not cleared any liquid chemical sterilant or high-level disinfectant with alcohol as the main active ingredient.
These alcohols are rapidly bactericidal rather than bacteriostatic against vegetative forms of bacteria; they also are tuberculocidal, fungicidal, and virucidal but do not destroy bacterial spores. Top of Page. The most feasible explanation for the antimicrobial action of alcohol is denaturation of proteins. This mechanism is supported by the observation that absolute ethyl alcohol, a dehydrating agent, is less bactericidal than mixtures of alcohol and water because proteins are denatured more quickly in the presence of water Protein denaturation also is consistent with observations that alcohol destroys the dehydrogenases of Escherichia coliand that ethyl alcohol increases the lag phase of Enterobacter aerogenes and that the lag phase effect could be reversed by adding certain amino acids.
The bacteriostatic action was believed caused by inhibition of the production of metabolites essential for rapid cell division. Methyl alcohol methanol has the weakest bactericidal action of the alcohols and thus seldom is used in healthcare The bactericidal activity of various concentrations of ethyl alcohol ethanol was examined against a variety of microorganisms in exposure periods ranging from 10 seconds to 1 hour Isopropyl alcohol isopropanol was slightly more bactericidal than ethyl alcohol for E.
Isopropyl alcohol is not active against the nonlipid enteroviruses but is fully active against the lipid viruses Studies also have demonstrated the ability of ethyl and isopropyl alcohol to inactivate the hepatitis B virus HBVand the herpes virus, and ethyl alcohol to inactivate human immunodeficiency virus HIVrotavirus, echovirus, and astrovirus In tests of the effect of ethyl alcohol against M.
InSpaulding stated that alcohols were the germicide of choice for tuberculocidal activity, and they should be the standard by which all other tuberculocides are compared.
The mucin-loop test is a severe test developed to produce long survival times. Thus, these figures should not be extrapolated to the exposure times needed when these germicides are used on medical or surgical material Alcohols are not recommended for sterilizing medical and surgical materials principally because they lack sporicidal action and they cannot penetrate protein-rich materials.
Fatal postoperative wound infections with Clostridium have occurred when alcohols were used to sterilize surgical instruments contaminated with bacterial spores Alcohols have been used effectively to disinfect oral and rectal thermometers, hospital pagersscissorsand stethoscopes Alcohols have been used to disinfect fiberoptic endoscopesbut failure of this disinfectant have lead to infection Alcohol towelettes have been used for years to disinfect small surfaces such as rubber stoppers of multiple-dose medication vials or vaccine bottles.
Furthermore, alcohol occasionally is used to disinfect external surfaces of equipment e. In contrast, three bloodstream infection outbreaks have been described when alcohol was used to disinfect transducer heads in an intensive-care setting The documented shortcomings of alcohols on equipment are that they damage the shellac mountings of lensed instruments, tend to swell and harden rubber and certain plastic tubing after prolonged and repeated use, bleach rubber and plastic tiles and damage tonometer tips by deterioration of the glue after the equivalent of 1 working year of routine use Tonometer biprisms soaked in alcohol for 4 days developed rough front surfaces that potentially could cause corneal damage; this appeared to be caused by weakening of the cementing substances used to fabricate the biprisms Corneal opacification has been reported when tonometer tips were swabbed with alcohol immediately before measurement of intraocular pressure Alcohols are flammable and consequently must be stored in a cool, well-ventilated area.
They also evaporate rapidly, making extended exposure time difficult to achieve unless the items are immersed. Hypochlorites, the most widely used of the chlorine disinfectants, are available as liquid e. The most prevalent chlorine products in the United States are aqueous solutions of 5. They have a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity, do not leave toxic residues, are unaffected by water hardness, are inexpensive and fast actingremove dried or fixed organisms and biofilms from surfacesand have a low incidence of serious toxicity Sodium hypochlorite at the concentration used in household bleach 5.
The microbicidal activity of chlorine is attributed largely to undissociated hypochlorous acid HOCl. A potential hazard is production of the carcinogen bis chloromethyl ether when hypochlorite solutions contact formaldehyde and the production of the animal carcinogen trihalomethane when hot water is hyperchlorinated After reviewing environmental fate and ecologic data, EPA has determined the currently registered uses of hypochlorites will not result in unreasonable adverse effects to the environment Alternative compounds that release chlorine and are used in the health-care setting include demand-release chlorine dioxide, sodium dichloroisocyanurate, and chloramine-T.
The advantage of these compounds over the hypochlorites is that they retain chlorine longer and so exert a more prolonged bactericidal effect. Sodium dichloroisocyanurate tablets are stable, and for two reasons, the microbicidal activity of solutions prepared from sodium dichloroisocyanurate tablets might be greater than that of sodium hypochlorite solutions containing the same total available chlorine.
Second, solutions of sodium dichloroisocyanurate are acidic, whereas sodium hypochlorite solutions are alkaline, and the more microbicidal type of chlorine HOCl is believed to predominate Chlorine dioxide-based disinfectants are prepared fresh as required by mixing the two components base solution [citric acid with preservatives and corrosion inhibitors] and the activator solution [sodium chlorite].